Mr. Abdul Hamid
President of Bangladesh
His Excellency Mr. Abdul Hamid was born in 1944 at the village Kamalpur under Mithamoin Sub-District of Kishoregonj. He was matriculated from Nikly GC High School and had his IA and BA from Guru Dayal College in Kishoregunj. Later on he was graduated in Law form Dhaka Central Law College and joined the Bar for legal practice.
Mr. Hamid has a dedicated career in politics and social welfare. He involved in politics in 1959 as a member of Chattra League. In 1961 he took part in political movement against the autocratic rule of the then President Gen. Ayub Khan and he was sent to jail fro several times. He held various political offices including General Secretary of the College Student Union, President of Chatra League in Kishoregunj sub division, Vice President of Mymensingh District Chatra League and joined the Awami League in 1969..
Mr. Abdul Hamid participated at the glorious war of liberation in 1971. He went to India and led the independence struggle as the Chairman of Meghalaya recruiting camp in Agartala and Sub-Sector Commander of Bangladesh Liberation Force (Mujib Bahini) for the then Sunamgunj and Kishoregunj Sub-Divisions. On the final victory of 16 December 1971, he played the major catalyst’s role to repatriate the Bengali refugees staying in different camps of India’s Meghalaya state. He came back home on 10 January 1972 and celebrated the home coming of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, from a long time captivity at Pakistani jail, on the same day. .
Immediately after his return to the newly liberated land, he administered the chair of Kishoregunj Relief and Rehabilitation Committee and was entrusted with responsibilities of the Vice President of Kishoregunj Awami League in 1974. After the cruel assassination of the Father of the Nation, Mr. Hamid was arrested by the then Gen. Zia’s autocratic military regime during 1976-78. He served as the President of District Awami League from 1978 to 2009 and also carried out the responsibilities of Kishoregonj District Bar Association President from 1990 to 1996. As a social activist and patron of cultural and educational initiatives, Mr. Hamid established several Primary Schools, High Schools and Colleges at Mithamoin Sub-District. .
He has a luminous political trajectory. He was the youngest member elected for the Pakistan National Assembly in 1970 from Mymensingh, member of the Constituent Assembly 1972, elected MP for the National Parliament of Bangladesh in 1973, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001 from Bangladesh Awami League. Mr. Hamid was the Deputy Speaker of the National Parliament from 1996 to 2001 and became the Speaker of the House from July to October 2001. He was the Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 2001 to 2006. Mr. Abdul Hamid became the Speaker of the Parliament again in 2009. He became the Acting President of the Republic on 14 March 2013. Mr. Abdul Hamid has been elected the 20th President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh unopposed on 22 April 2013. .
Mr. Abdul Hamid is married with 3 sons and a daughter. His interests rest on International Politics, Contemporary History and Comparative Study of Constitutions around the world.
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
SHEIKH HASINA, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, was born on 28 September, 1947 at Tungipara under Gopalganj district. She is the eldest of five children of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founder of independent Bangladesh.
She graduated from the University of Dhaka in 1973. She was elected Vice President of the Students Union of Government Intermediate Girl’s College. She was a member of the students League Unit of Dhaka University and Secretary of the Students League Unit of Rokeya Hall. She actively participated in all the mass movements since her student life.
Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman along with the members of his family was martyred on the fateful night of 15 August 1975. Sheikh Hasina and her younger sister Sheikh Rehana were the only survivors as they were in West Germany at that time. Later she went to the United Kingdom from where she started her movement against the autocratic rule in 1980. Sheikh Hasina was unanimously elected President of Bangladesh Awami League in 1981 in her absence, while she was forced to live in exile in New Delhi. Ending six years in exile, she returned home finally on 17 May 1981.
In the parliamentary election held in 1986, she won three seats. She was elected Leader of the Opposition. She led the historic mass movement in 1990 and announced the constitutional formula for peaceful transfer of power through Articles 51 and 56 of the Constitution.
Following the election of 1991 Sheikh Hasina became Leader of the Opposition in the country’s Fifth Parliament, She steered all the political parties in the parliament towards changing the Presidential system into the Parliamentary one.
Sheikh Hasina created awareness among the people and waged a struggle for Non-party Caretaker Government to ensure free and fair polls. Her movement reached the peak after a non-cooperation movement in March 1996 and the provision for Non-party Caretaker Government was incorporated in the Constitution.
At the call of Sheikh Hasina a large number of people of all walks of life expressed solidarity with the movement at the ‘Janatar Mancha’. In the Parliamentary election held on 12 June 1996, Bangladesh Awami League emerged as the majority party and she assumed the office of the Prime Minister of Bangladesh on 23 June 1996.
After becoming the Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina adopted a number of pragmatic policies for overall development of the nation including poverty alleviation. During the last four years her government achieved laudable success including signing of the historic 30 year Ganges Water Sharing Treaty with India, signing of historic peace Accord on Chittagong Hill Tracts and inauguration of the Bangabandhu Bridge on the river Jamuna. Sheikh Hasina was conferred Degree of Doctor of Law by the Boston University of the USA on 6 February 1997 and Honorary Doctor of Law by the Waseda University of Japan on 4 July 1997. She was also conferred the Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Liberal Arts by University of Abertay Dundee of the United Kingdom on 25 October, 1997. She was conferred Honorary Degree of Desikottama (Doctor of Literature, honoris causa) by Visva-Bharati University of West Bengal, India on 28 January 1999. She was also conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, on the ground of her distinguished creative contributions in the service of society by the Australian National University on 20 October 1999. Dhaka University conferred Honorary ‘Doctor of Laws’ degree to Sheikh Hasina on 18 December, 1999 for her outstanding contribution towards peace and democracy. The World famous Catholic University of Brussels, Belgium conferred Honorary Doctorate degree (Doctor Honoris Causa) on Sheikh Hasina on 04 February, 2000 for her decisive role in establishing democracy, protecting human rights and peace. Sheikh Hasina has been conferred Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters by the Bridgeport University, USA on 5 September, 2000. _